Our Redeemer’s Voice
Newsletter of Our Redeemer Lutheran Church, Newark, DE
Our Epiphany Star
Back in summer of 2013, scientists announced the discovery what they called a “strange, pulsating star” (https://weather.com/science/space/news/strange-pulsating-star-found-20130816). It is located somewhere near the heart of the Milky Way, right by where they think a massive black hole is. The scientists were all agog, and hoped studying this new star would reveal some secrets about black holes.
As I read the reports, I noticed that not a single scientist concluded that this “new” star in the heavens marked the birth of any king, let alone the king of the Jews. Why should they?
Actually, the same thing happened when Jesus was born. A new star hung in the heavens. Countless people saw it, including many professional wise men and religious experts. None of them concluded that the “king of the Jews” had been born except those whose visit we celebrate at Epiphany. What made them so different?
To be honest, the Bible doesn’t really tell us. However, we are told that these wise men came from “the East.” The area called Mesopotamia was, in the Bible, called “the East.” So, most likely, these wise men came from the Parthian Empire. The Parthians, basically, were an extension of the Persians, who had been defeated by Alexander the Great. When Persia came to power they conquered the Babylonians, and the Babylonians had conquered Judah. We all know the stories of some of the Jewish people taken captive, people like Daniel and his three friends. When the Persians came to power they allowed all the Jews who wanted to, to return to their homeland. However, many liked their new home and chose to stay. These people continued into the day of Jesus, keeping with them the Jewish Scriptures.
Wise men were expected to be versed in all knowledge, including the religious knowledge of other faiths. Therefore, at least some of the Parthian wise men would know the Old Testament because of the Jews in their empire. As such, they seem to have known the prophecy of Balaam recorded in Numbers 24:
a star shall come out of Jacob,
and a scepter shall rise out of Israel (Numbers 24:17)
They understood this to mean a celestial star would announce the birth of a Jewish king.
Being smart men, they decided to go and see this king who was so important that even the heavens would announce his birth. However, being smart men, they decided they knew everything they needed to know. A king is born? Where else would he be but the capital city?
When they were disappointed by the fruits of their reason, they received an answer from Scripture. The child was born in Bethlehem (Matthew 2:5-6). So, while the star did hang in the night sky, only those who attended to the Word of God found Jesus. Shoot, even the shepherds, who certainly saw the star, needed a word from God to direct them to the manger.
To this day, that is how God works. He works through his word. We cannot reason our way to God, We cannot feel our way to God. We cannot meditate our way to God. God reveals himself through the Word. That is our Epiphany. That is how God manifests himself to us. So Luther once said in one of his Epiphany sermons, “The greatest and foremost skill—no matter who the person is—is to cling firmly to the Word and conceive of the things of God in no other way than as the Word tells us. For this reason we should accustom ourselves to know nothing about God and Christ apart from the Word.”
“Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly, teaching and admonishing one another in all wisdom, singing psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, with thankfulness in your hearts to God.” (Colossians 3:16)
Blessings in Christ,
The Nicene Creed
Introduction, Part 3
So far we have done a quick background of the Apostles’ and Athanasian Creeds. We have seen how the origin of those creeds are somewhat concealed in the mists of time. The Nicene Creed’s origin is quite different. What we call the Nicene Creed is largely the product of two ecumenical (worldwide) councils. To understand the driving forces in the calling of these councils, and why they could not have been called earlier, we need to understand the history leading up to them.
While scholars debate the date of the first Easter, the dates they contend for all fall around the year 30, give or take a few years. Fifty days later was the first Christian Pentecost, often called the birthday of the Church. At this time Tiberius was the Roman Emperor (Reign: September 18, 14 – March 16, 37 ad). Obviously Judea, as a Jewish state within the Roman Empire, was still a going concern. As a result of a rebellion, Jerusalem was destroyed in the year 70 and the Jews were disbursed throughout the empire. The final vestiges of Jewish resistance ended with the fall of Masada in 73. This was during the reign of Vespasian (Reign: July 1, 69 – June 24, 79 ad). The general in charge of the Judean war was Titus, who followed Vespasian as Emperor (Reigned: June 24, 79 – September 13, 81 ad).
During this time the Roman Empire had no official position concerning Christians. They were typically granted the same privileges and exemptions as Jews, being considered another of the many Jewish sects. This doesn’t mean it was all sunshine and butterflies for the Christians. Persecution did exist, typically from two sources. The first source was from Jewish leadership (Acts 4:1-3; 9:23-25; etc.). The second source was for economic reasons (Acts 19:23-41).
In the very early years of the Church the Christians tended to remain in Jerusalem. This made sense at many levels. First, the great events of salvation history (Jesus’ death, resurrection, ascension, and the first Pentecost) happened in Jerusalem. People could go and check out the empty tomb for themselves. Second, the Apostles were in Jerusalem. People could hear about Jesus from the very lips of his earliest followers. This, however, meant that Jerusalem was where the earliest violent efforts to suppress the Christian Faith began. As a great persecution of Christians began, believers scattered, carrying the Gospel with them (Acts 8:1-4). This was the beginning of the Gospel breaking out of its Jewish context. Before long the great persecutor of the Church, Saul, became a believer himself and became the great “Apostle to the Gentiles,” St. Paul. With the influx of Gentile believers, issues developed. The first council, often called the Jerusalem Council (Acts 15), was convened to settle the issues. This established the principle of councils as a way of settling disputes.
Things took a decidedly evil turn for the Church when Nero was emperor (Reign: October 13, 54 – June 9, 68 ad). In order to divert suspicion that he began the great fire of Rome (64 ad), he blamed the Christians. Rounding up as many as he could, he executed them in exceptionally cruel ways. This set the precedent of the Roman Empire as being opposed to the Church. Nero’s successor, Domitian (Reigned: September 14, 81 – September 18, 96 ad), began the first empire-wide persecutions of Christians. For the next 200-plus years, to be a Christian was to be an outlaw. Christians continued to share their faith, but every time they did so they were risking prison, having their property confiscated, slavery, and even death.
The Apostle John died sometime around 100 ad. He was the last of the original twelve apostles to die, and the only one to die of natural causes. With his death, the Church could no longer settle issues by appealing to an Apostle.
The Church took root first in major cities. The Christians in these cities then reached out to outlying areas. Naturally then, the city church became the major church in the area. The leader of such churches became known as “bishops.” All bishops were elected by their people and approved by all other bishops, thus ensuring the continuation of the teaching of the Apostles (approved by the other bishops) and the support of the people (elected by the people). Whenever an issue developed in a bishop’s area of responsibility, he was expected to settle it. This was often done by calling a regional synod (council). These could be conducted under the Roman radar with reasonable safety. In order to ensure the passing on of the teachings of the Apostles, these bishops and councils promoted regional creeds. The Apostles’ Creed is basically the regional creed endorsed by Rome and spread throughout the western part of the Roman Empire.
Skip ahead now to the 300s. Constantine I (the Great) was emperor from July 25, 306 – May 22, 337 ad). In the year 313, the Edict of Milan was issued, which made Christianity a legal religion. Constantine also supported the Church, though he didn’t make it the state religion. Conversion was strictly voluntary.
We need to go back now to the idea of areas with bishops providing the general oversight to the churches in their area. One of the early main cities for Christianity was Alexandria, in Egypt. Under the bishop’s oversight was a city named Baucalis. They had a presbyter (what we might call a pastor or preacher) named Arius (250 or 256 – 336 ad). He developed new ideas that rejected the Triune nature of God and that Jesus was true God, begotten of the Father before all time and begotten of Mary by the power of the Holy Spirit in time. These are key teachings of the Bible on which our salvation hangs. Alexander, his bishop, sought to correct him, but he refused correction. A regional “synod” or council was called. Arius refused to listen to them. Things were spinning out of control. Arius had at least two things going for him. First, he apparently was a dynamic preacher, and was able to sway many. Second, he was a talented musician. He composed many catchy songs that carried his false teachings, and people accepted the words without consideration because the songs were so easy and fun to sing. The followers of Arius came to be called Arians and his teachings called Arianism (not to be confused with Aryanism).
The false teachings of Arius began to spread throughout the eastern part of the Roman Empire. Oddly, the Edict of Milan that legalized Christianity probably helped this. Constantine was greatly troubled by this development. A fractured Church would not help keep the empire stable (something any good ruler wants).
The Church already had the example of the Jerusalem Council, which spoke with authority for the entire Church. It also had the example of regional synods (synod means “walking together” and the use of the word for a council accented the intended outcome: unity). Before Constantine, no worldwide (ecumenical) council had been called since the Apostles. The reasons are clear. First, it would be too dangerous for that many Christian leaders to gather in one place. With one blow the Roman Empire could deal a deadly blow to the Church. The second was simple economics. The Church had spread far and wide. The churches farthest from the meeting site simply would not be able to afford to send their representatives. With the Edict of Milan, the danger of such a mass meeting was removed. Constantine determined that the Church should have an ecumenical council to settle the issues that were troubling the Church, and he offered to pay all the expenses, including traveling expenses for all bishops who could come.
Thus the stage was set for the first ecumenical council, held in Nicaea. Next month we will continue with this introduction to the Nicene Creed. Until then, may “the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ and the love of God and the communion of the Holy Spirit be with you all” (2 Corinthians 13:14). Amen.
Some Thoughts From LHM: Immanuel— A Devotion By Rev. Kathamuthu
In today’s devotion I would invite you to reflect on the name Immanuel, which is found in Matthew 1:23b, “… and they shall call Him Immanuel, which means God with us.” There are three things about that Name I would like to share.
First, the name Immanuel tells us that God is present. Scripture tells us God is in heaven. Moreover, He is beyond the comprehension of human beings. It is this concept that keeps God away from us. However, in the Person of Jesus Christ, God comes near to us. In Jesus, through His life and death of sacrifice we see the love of the Lord in a way no other religion can share. It is that love which brings us to and keeps us with the Lord.
The second thing I would like to share is that God became a true Man person in Jesus Christ. The rationale behind Jesus becoming a Man is to communicate and save the world’s lost sinners. This is a great truth of the Gospel narrative.
Since Jesus is a person replete with personal qualities and acts, He is able to act upon our lives. He understands our inner struggles and problems, our confusion and contradictions. In the midst of all these struggles, God’s personal care and forgiveness becomes ours through Jesus. The Savior’s transforming presence calls believers to a life of gratitude, which ought to inspire our lives in this New Year.
Finally, the name Immanuel brings to the fore the providence of God. The general providence of God tells us the Lord has continued to be involved in the existence and the welfare of the world. All things on earth move and have their being because of this ongoing commitment of God.
At the same time, God’s special providence — His saving providence — has come to us in the Person of Jesus: Immanuel. The redemptive work of God in Jesus Christ is solid proof of God’s love and security for man.
In Jesus we are given divine, blood-bought hope that Jesus is able to keep His people secure and safe from the forces of evil. No matter what this year may bring, we can rejoice knowing our days and our eternity are based on God’s faithfulness. It is a faithfulness that will — because of Immanuel — always remain unchanged.
By the Holy Sprit’s power, may your faith grow from strength to strength. May the presence, personality and providence of God be upon you and your family throughout this year.
Arlen D. Besel – Ambassador
Through The Worship Window
The New Year Begins With Epiphany:
The word epiphany means appearance or manifestation and in the church calendar refers to the coming of the Magi to meet Jesus. That is the beginning of the Epiphany season which carries on into February,
Our attention is moved to Jesus baptism by John in the Jordan as He begins His ministry. Then follows the Lord’s calling of His disciples, we first meet Philip and Nathanael.
But earlier Jesus had called Simon, Andrew, James and John.
Early in Jesus’ ministry He casts out an unclean spirit which made everyone wonder at His power. Then follows a number of other healing actions that further raised His image among the public.
During the Epiphany season the Epistle lessons take us through an outline of the functions of the church body. We are also reminded of our need to be united in His death and resurrection. We are counseled in the proper life-style and some of the daily aspects of life.
In Epiphany the Old Testament reminds us that Christ is coming and the Gentiles will also benefit from His life and sacrifice. There is a brief reminder of God’s work in creation. We meet Samuel who is called by God. And of course Jonah’s experience reflects our need to listen and obey God’s calling.
There are many references in the Old Testament to the coming Messiah and His role as the suffering servant and as our Savior and Redeemer.
Epiphany prepares us for the coming Lenten season.
Arlen D. Besel – Worship
John 1:41 – He (Andrew) first found his own brother Simon and said to him, “We have found the Messiah” (which means Christ).
You know that Jesus gave Simon the nickname of Peter for his bold confession of faith, but I’m giving an A for the day to anyone who can share what moniker the early church bestowed upon his brother Andrew.
Wow, that’s right! I didn’t think you’d all get it. The early church called Andrew, “protokletos,” which means “first-called.” As you know, Andrew was first on the list of Jesus’ disciples.
Now you know Andrew wasn’t the kind of guy who stole the limelight. He was not the sort of fellow who stood out in a crowd. Scripture paints him as a modest sort of man, always blending in to the background. On Pentecost his words aren’t recorded for history, and the New Testament doesn’t have any books named First or Second Andrew.
Andrew was never elected to be the chairman of the disciples’ board. When we think of the great personages who have flashed across the pages of human history, when we remember some of the Bible’s heroes of faith, somehow Andrew is almost always left out.
That’s a shame, because Andrew had a friend.
Moreover, wherever you see Andrew in the pages of the New Testament, you will find him introducing people to Jesus, his friend, and the world’s only Savior.
Andrew’s story begins in Bethsaida — a word that means “house of the fisherman.” He was employed at the family business, and he might have stayed there forever if it hadn’t been for the friend he met on the shores of the Jordan River. The first thing Andrew did after he got to know Jesus was hurry home to find his brother Simon and say, “Simon, come and meet my friend, the Messiah!”
Have you ever noticed that when people come to know Jesus, they’re filled with an urge to tell others about their newfound friend? True, sometimes we do so in an obnoxious way, and end up turning off our listeners. Sometimes we can be like our pal who buys a new car or computer and talks and talks and talks. Sometimes we can be like the grandmother who searches for victims to whom she can show her suitcase of grandchildren photographs.
But the fact is, Andrew knew, Christians need to share their friend with others.
In the rest of the New Testament, you will see Andrew bringing a boy to Jesus with some loaves and fishes. Or he, along with Philip, is introducing some Greeks to the Savior, after they had come and requested: “Sir, we would see Jesus.”
Although the New Testament authors seem to neglect Andrew, Jesus knew — as should we — that without people like Andrew, there would never be people like Peter! That’s because the real work of the church, any church, is not done just by people like Peter who get their names in the newspapers. It is also done by the millions of Andrews: the humble men and women who aren’t afraid to say to a friend or family member “Come with me. I’ve found the Lord.”
THE PRAYER: Dear Lord, I must confess doing evangelism can scare me. Help me see, and emulate Andrew who simply said to those around him, “Come, I’ve found the Lord.” This I ask in Jesus’ Name. Amen. https://www.lhm.org
NEWS & NOTES
2018 Lutheran Marriage Encounter Weekends Announced
Your marriage relationship is one of the things in life that provides the greatest potential for happiness. Is yours living up to this potential? Please make 2018 the year you resolve to attend a Lutheran Marriage Encounter Weekend to learn how to maximize the joy and intimacy that God intends for your marriage.The following Weekends have been scheduled with one more to be added in Massachusetts in the fall.
- March 16-18, 2018 at Heritage Hotel Lancaster in Lancaster, PA. A newly-renovated hotel, home of the unique treehouse-inspired restaurant, “Loxley’s.”
- April 6-8, 2018 at Toftrees Golf Resort in State College PA. A peaceful resort surrounded by a golf course and nestled in the woods in the center of PA.
- September 14-16, 2018 at Spruce Lake Retreat in Canadensis, PA. A lovely hotel-style facility In a wooded area of the Poconos, an hour north of Allentown.
- October 19-21, 2018 at Olmsted Retreat Center. A stunning, hotel-style retreat next to Olmsted Mansion in Allegheny National Forest, 2 hours north of Pittsburgh.
Two nights lodging, 5 meals for each of you, and all supplies are included with your $100 per couple registration fee, plus toward the end of the weekend you will be given an opportunity to make a confidential contribution of whatever amount you wish toward the continuation of the program. To be sure to get the Weekend of your choice, sign up at your earliest convenience by going to the website: www.GodLovesMarriage.org and paying the registration fee with your credit card, or marking the option to mail a check. For questions, or if you would like a brochure with registration form mailed to you, contact Northeast US Directors of Lutheran Marriage Encounter, Fred & Julie Schamber, at 724-325-3166 or email@example.com.
Jan. 19 — March for Life in Washington, D.C.
The 45th annual March for Life rally will begin at noon Eastern time on Friday, Jan. 19, on the grounds of the Washington Monument. Following the rally, the march will begin at approximately 1 p.m. on Constitution Avenue between 15th and 17th Streets.
Visit lcms.org/marchforlife for updates on how to join the LCMS delegation.
Pastor & Kitty hope to go, weather permitting. If you want to ride along, let them know!
BIBLE STUDY OPPORTUNITIES
Bible Class — A Commercial Message!
The Sunday Morning Adult Bible Class is about to begin an interesting study on the words in Ephesians 5:18; “Be filled with the Sprit” and by extension learn more about the Holy Spirit and his role in our lives. There is a focus on how we are to live our lives as committed Christians who have the Spirit as our guide.
This is an excellent opportunity to renew and strengthen our resolve and commitment to Christ. The class will begin on January 7 at 8:45 AM. Everyone is encouraged to consider this exercise.
Arlen D. Besel – Leader
Sundays 8:45 a.m. Topical Bible Study “Be filled with the Spirit” beginning this month
Tuesdays 10:00 a.m. Book of Revelation Continuing through the final book of the Bible
Thursdays 10:00 a.m. Hymn Study Study of an upcoming hymn, its theology & its history
Newsletter Information Date
Please have all information for the newsletter in to the office no later than the 20th of each month to ensure its inclusion. Thanks!
Build-A-Bag With Us!
You probably have a home with a roof, a working heating system, warm clothes, etc., but many in our area do not.
As Christians, we know that we will always have the poor with us, as Jesus said, but that doesn’t mean we can ignore them; instead, we help all we can.
In the winter, it is especially important to help the homeless stay warm. We at Our Redeemer Lutheran do this by building sleeping bags to give to local charities. We recycle bedding and create warm, cozy bags and fill them with toiletries, hats, socks & prayers.
Come, join us on the first Saturday of each month at 10 a.m., and each Thursday at noon, and help make winter more bearable for the homeless in our midst.
Do You Really Know All the Hymns in Our Hymnal??
We continue to sing through Lutheran Service Book together, deciding which hymns we know and love, which ones we wish we knew better, and which ones we simply don’t know. Join us after the worship service on January 28th and sing along with us, making a joyful noise to the Lord!
Serve the Lord with Gladness!
Most churches in the USA today have trouble filling volunteer positions. Why is this? Perhaps it is because we in this country feel our time is our own and we owe no one anything beyond what can reasonably be expected of us. This is not a Biblical concept! Just the opposite, in fact, is the case.
Our time is not our own; God gives us time, talent and treasures to serve Him, not ourselves. All that we have in this life were given to us; not earned or deserved! King David was reminded of this by God Himself. David wanted to build God a house, but God says that He will instead build David a house! God called David from being a shepherd and made him king; God used the gifts He gave David to bring glory to God. David, pondering such a promise given to him by God, said, “Who am I, O Lord God and what is my house, that you have brought me thus far? And yet this was a small thing in your eyes, O Lord God. You have also spoken of your servant’s house for a great while to come, and this is instruction for mankind, O Lord God! And what more can David say to you? For you know your servant, O Lord God. Because of your promise, and according to your own heart, you have brought about all this greatness, to make your servant know it. Therefore you are great, O Lord God. For there is none like you, and there is no God besides you, according to all that we have heard with our ears.“ (2 Samuel 7:18-22)
God gives to each of us the things we need, the things to glorify God in this life. Use yours well; serve joyfully, serving well, in your everyday life and in the midst of this congregation. What office will you hold, what service will you give this year in this place?
17 Lucille Weikel
18 David Steltz
6 Bob & Bonnie Johnston
OUR REDEEMER’S VOICE
The Christmas Gospel
1 In those days a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that all the world should be registered. 2This was the first registration when Quirinius was governor of Syria. 3And all went to be registered, each to his own town. 4And Joseph also went up from Galilee, from the town of Nazareth, to Judea, to the city of David, which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and lineage of David, 5to be registered with Mary, his betrothed, who was with child. 6And while they were there, the time came for her to give birth. 7And she gave birth to her firstborn son and wrapped him in swaddling cloths and laid him in a manger, because there was no place for them in the inn.
8 And in the same region there were shepherds out in the field, keeping watch over their flock by night. 9And an angel of the Lord appeared to them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were filled with great fear. 10And the angel said to them, “Fear not, for behold, I bring you good news of great joy that will be for all the people. 11For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Savior, who is Christ the Lord (Luke 2:1-11).
Is there any story in the Bible that is better known than Luke’s Christmas account? Be honest now, as you read the above did you hear the voice of Linus in your mind? And yet that very familiarity can work against us. We can lose the impact and meaning as we hear comfortable, seasonally-appropriate words. We can actually miss how the angels, in clear words, proclaim the Gospel.
This Gospel message the angel shares is the very heart and soul of the message the Church has been commissioned to share. The angel says “I bring you good news.” “Good news” is one word in the Greek. It can be translated “glad tidings” or, my favorite, “Gospel.” The angel is telling the shepherds, “I bring you the Gospel.” The Greek word also gives us the English words “evangelist” and “evangelical.” Evangelist literally means one who shares good news, the Gospel. Evangelical literally means a believer in the Gospel, the Gospel proclaimed by the angel.
The angel doesn’t say, “I preach to you” or “I bring you some news,” but “I bring you the Gospel, the Good News, Glad Tidings.” The angel becomes an evangelist.
What does the Gospel consist of? The angel tells us. It is a message of “great joy.” This is a personal joy, for the angel says it is “for you.” What is the Gospel message that brings such joy? Is it a new church sports league? Is it the paying off of a church mortgage? Is it the dedication of a new pipe organ? You know it isn’t. In the words of the angel we hear the Gospel, “For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Savior, who is Christ the Lord.” That is it, the joyful proclamation of Christ, our Savior.
He who proclaims Christ correctly, proclaims the Gospel correctly, and its sheer joy. How can there be any better “good news?” God has become a human being to become our Savior, to become your Savior.
I could say that this message is the “Christmas Gospel,” but that is actually too limited. This is the Gospel, period. The Christmas story is the story of how the Father loved us so much that he sent his Son to be born of our flesh in order to be our Savior. All who believe in him inherit eternal life. That is Good News, indeed!
The Nicene Creed
Introduction, Part 2
The focus of this current series of Digging In articles is the Nicene Creed. This is the third article. I intended to provide background first, but last month I got ahead of myself and wrote about the first article. I’m returning to background this month. To help set the Nicene Creed in its place among the three ecumenical creeds, I provided some background information on the Apostles’ Creed in the first article. This month I’ll provided some background information concerning the Athanasian Creed. We will then conclude this introduction section with background information about the Nicene Creed.
Like the Apostles’ Creed, no one is really sure who wrote the Athanasian Creed. There is even debate as to when and where it was composed. Some hold to the second half of the fourth century, others to the fifth century, and still others to the sixth century. A very few hold to the ninth century, though that is ridiculous, as we have copies of the creed that predate that century. Some believe it was written in or around Alexandria, while others believe it was written in southern Gaul.
This creed is named after St. Athanasius of Alexandria, a staunch defender of the Christian faith in the fourth century and does faithfully express his faith. A medieval account credited Athanasius as the author of the Creed. According to this account, Athanasius composed it during his exile in Rome, and presented it to Pope Julius I as a witness to his orthodoxy (sometime around 340). The Pope, by virtue of the creed, recognizes Athanasius as orthodox. The lateness of this story, along with other issues, makes it difficult to believe.
Just about every “big gun” from the church’s history, from the late fourth through the ninth centuries, has been put forth as the composer of the Athanasian Creed, but all suggestions have a fatal flaw. If some major Church luminary was the author, then surely his name would have immediately been attached to the creed. Think of it this way. We all know who wrote the Gettysburg Address. We know the date and occasion when it was first delivered. That is because Lincoln was president. But what if it had been first written by some civics instructor of a small town and used in a school play? The local newspaper reporter was impressed and put it in the paper, but does not know who actually wrote the words and so leaves them unaccredited. Then other papers gradually pick up the speech until it spreads around the country. People begin to wonder who wrote it. Recognizing the sentiments of Lincoln, the story begins to circulate that Lincoln was indeed the author. The real author is lost. We know who wrote the Gettysburg Address, because Lincoln was a big gun. We do not know who wrote the Athanasian Creed and so he is probably not a prominent figure in Church history.
The fact that it is being referred to by prominent Christian writers by the middle of the fifth century in southern Gaul is more than enough reason to assume it was composed sometime in the latter half of the fourth or early part of the fifth century. It was probably written by an obscure bishop for the congregations under his charge for use in their worship services. Though this bishop never made a name for himself in human history, the creed he wrote is a powerful testimony to the truth that there is no unimportant service (or servants) in Christ’s Kingdom.
Like the Apostles’ Creed, the Athanasian Creed does not receive “official” recognition until the Reformation. It was endorsed by the Lutherans in the Augsburg Confession (1530) and included in the Book of Concord (1580). The Roman Catholic Church endorsed it at the Council of Trent (1545-1563). It was also endorsed by most Protestant branches that sprung up during the Reformation period (Church of England, Reformed confessions, etc.).
The Latin name for the Athanasian Creed is “Quicumque vult,” which are the first two words of the creed in Latin. They translate “Whosoever wishes.” Though its contents appear to focus on teaching to contemporary readers, its opening actually sets out the essential principle that the Christian faith does not consist in the first place in assent to propositions, but “that we worship One God in Trinity, and the Trinity in Unity”. All else in the creed flows from that orientation. The two key elements of true worship in the creed are worship of the Triune God and of Jesus as both fully God and fully man. There are other elements included in the creed, but these two points are clearly the main focus. One key lesson we learn from this, then, is that what we do in worship is VERY important. (This is one of my personal concerns with the new ELCA hymnal. It has an option for Sunday morning worship that makes no reference to the Trinity or the true nature of Jesus. It has only generic terms for God.)
Some are startled, even troubled, by the “damnatory” or “minatory clauses”, in this creed (the penalties which follow the rejection of what is proposed for our worship and belief). In reality, they are but the creedal equivalent of Our Lord’s words: “Whoever believes in him is not condemned, but whoever does not believe is condemned already, because he has not believed in the name of the only Son of God. And this is the judgment: the light has come into
the world, and people loved the darkness rather than the light because their works were evil” (John 3:18-19). Clearly these words of Jesus, and the creed, apply only to the culpable and willful rejection of Christ’s words and teachings. In other words, it is rejection of the truth once learned, not ignorance of the truth, that this creed (and Jesus) say are condemned.
This creed, as said above, has always been intended for use in worship. The congregation would either sing or recite it. During the Middle Ages it was used quite often; in some places in Europe, every week. In our age, with theology by sound bite, this rich creed is the most overlooked of the three ecumenical creeds. In some churches, it is never used. We only use it once a year on Trinity Sunday (the first Sunday after Pentecost). If we were wise, we would use it far more.
Blessings in Christ,
Some Thoughts From LHM: Love Came Down—
In Love Came Down we see how the Heavenly Father spared nothing—not even His own Son—to work out our salvation. Though we had rebelled in our sins and spurned God and His Commandments, He chose us—not for exclusion, but redemption. The Father’s love sought us out in our perilous condition and, in His infinite mercy, bridged the divide to our isolation through Jesus—the one Mediator between God and Man.
“Jesus came to be in our lives, a part of our lives, one of us. He came to be our Savior, and that is not a job someone can do by standing safely at a distance. Instead, He embraced our human nature—He was born, He grew, He lived, worked, and suffered, He died. And then He rose from the dead,” writes author Dr. Kari Vo.
The story of our salvation is a hard-fought victory. What began in a humble manger stall in Bethlehem on Christmas morn reached its zenith when Jesus—child of Mary, Son of God—was crucified, died, and rose from the dead three days later. This is what God did for us; this is what happened when love came down.
What is Advent?
The Church divides the year into different seasons that emphasize the life of Christ and the life of the Church. Beginning on Sunday December 3rd, 2017, we will enter the season of the Church year called Advent. Advent is the season of preparation and anticipation leading up to Christmas, and continuing to
Epiphany, January 6th, 2018
The focus of Advent is two-fold. On the one hand, we prepare to celebrate the birth of Jesus Christ, the Son of God, who came into the world as both God and man so that our sins might be forgiven. On the other hand, we anticipate the day when Jesus will return to Earth and bring an end to this world. Those will be scary days, but we can look forward to the end of the world with hope because through faith in Jesus, the end of this world will mean the beginning of a new life with Christ for eternity.
Advent, then, is a time for us to repent and believe. Knowing that Jesus was born to forgive our sins, we repent (admit our failures to God) and believe that we are forgiven because of the death and resurrection of Jesus on our behalf. Also, knowing that Jesus is coming back, we repent and believe that when He returns, He will give us eternal life.
Advent is more than the preparation for Christmas, it is a time to prepare our spiritual lives for the reality of the returning Lord, our Redeemer and focus our lives on His Word to us.
Arlen D. Besel – Ambassador
Through The Worship Window
Our Church Year Begins With Advent:
On December 3 we start the new church year looking for the coming Messiah who will be born to the world as was told in several Old Testament prophecies. Our Adult Bible Class will study the opening comment of God coming to visit His creation in Isaiah 64. The Gospel either takes us to Palm Sunday or the Lord’s death on the cross.
Then we are carried to John the Baptist preaching the word of repentance and Isaiah offering comfort through his baptism and message. The theme of His return is then told as a wedding feast and the presentation of Jesus at the temple and accepted by Simeon.
Our journey continues with the reminder that Christ is the light to all people; an event illustrated by the visit of the Magi on the Christ Child. Even this early it is clear that the promised salvation is offered to all humans.
In the midst of this the actual birth is told through the words of Paul’s letter to the Galatians with the reminder that we are now heirs of God by the work of the Holy Spirit.
In my view, it is good to step away from the all too well-known words in Luke and look at the Lord’s coming with fresh eyes and hearts.
With Christmas past we are invited to share in the baptism of Jesus as the Epiphany season begins.
Let’s take a look back to see the above times in the eyes of the Epistle Lessons.
Early on we need to be reminded that the life we live is directed toward the day of the Lord; a time when He calls an end to this world and ushers in a new one.
One of the great admonitions of the Word is this; “Be joyful always; pray continually.” And the reminder that in the Bible all the words we need to assure our knowledge and salvation are provided.
The letter to Hebrews reminds us that Jesus is God’s Son and has no parallel in humankind. Many of the letters in the Bible speak to this critical truth.
As time passes in the spread of the Gospel, the clear emphasis is that the message is meant to all people and to the Gentiles who were not in favor of the Jews. We can use this reminder to guide us in our efforts to share the good news of salvation in Christ to everyone we know and meet. That is our clear commission.
Arlen D. Besel – Worship
Being Lutheran, I think that we sometimes forget that the Creeds we learned when we were young were, for the Early Church, confessions of faith to be shared in our everyday lives. Martin Luther, more than a millennium later, understood the richness of faith contained in the Creeds; that is why they are part of his Small Catechism, and why we learned them in confirmation class. The Creeds are still valuable today! In a post-modern world, where truth is considered whatever is true for me personally, our Creeds say so much about the God who loves us! The publishers of The Lutheran Study Bible included a section on how to simply and easily discuss our faith in God using the shortest of the Creeds, the Apostles’ Creed.
Simple Ways to Witness [Taken from The Lutheran Study Bible, page 1425]
A thorough course on evangelism is great for every Christian to take…. But to get started as a witness, all you need to know is the Apostles’ Creed and a few things to say about matters of faith. The creed provides a simple outline.
I Believe in God the Father
Add to your conversations the following (or similar) simple statements:
“God has given us a beautiful day/night.”
“I’ll pray for you.”
“God bless your day.”
These are great ways to start, continue, or end a conversation. People do not take offense when you use such expressions. So share these thoughts with confidence. When you are comfortable doing so, follow up with a question:
“Can we talk about matters of faith?”
For most people, this is a nonthreatening question because it simply invites them to share their thoughts about God and faith. You are not requiring them to know a lot, so they will not feel quizzed. You are not promising to have all the answers, so you do not need to worry that you will say something wrong.
After you have asked this question, just listen. Be cordial and respectful, learning about what they believe and have experienced. Polite conversation allows that, if they share their thoughts about matters of faith and you have listened, you may share your thoughts about matters of faith with them. They will most likely listen. You can talk about your church, praying to God, or how much faith means to you. Most people are quite comfortable with such conversation.
I Believe in Jesus Christ
You have not really borne witness as a Christian until you have spoken with someone about the Lord Jesus Christ. Any religious person might talk about God or a religious upbringing. But Christians believe in and talk about Jesus Christ. Begin this important conversation with a simple question:
“What do you believe about Jesus Christ?”
As before, just listen to the answer. Try to understand where they are coming from and what they know about Jesus. If they seem uncomfortable, apologize for making them uncomfortable and suggest that perhaps you could talk another time. If they seem comfortable, wait for an opportunity to share what you know and believe about Jesus, such as:
“Jesus is my Savior.” Or:
“I pray to Jesus when I’m facing challenges in life.”
Let the conversation develop naturally from there. Once again, you do not have to have all the answers. Just share what you know, what you understand. If they ask questions you cannot answer, say:
“I don’t know about that. I’d like to talk with my pastor/Bible teacher about that. Okay?”
Follow up later.
I Believe in the Holy Spirit and the Holy Christian Church
The Holy Spirit makes people Christians and brings them into the fellowship of the Church through Holy Baptism and God’s Word. Many people today believe they can be Christians without the Church. But Jesus clearly taught that His followers would be part of the Church, and He taught His disciples how to care for one another in a community of faith.
Follow up your conversation by simply inviting them to church, Bible class, Vacation Bible School, or any event that brings them into contact with other Christians. Surprisingly, most people say that they would attend a church service if someone invited them. Pray that the Holy Spirit would strengthen you as a witness and pray for the persons to whom you witness. If they come to church with you, introduce them to others who may share their interests or experiences so that they can bear witness to them as well. It is really that simple.
To grow more confident and comfortable as a witness, read Milton I. Rudnick, How to Share Christ Confidently (St. Louis: Concordia, 2009).
NEWS & NOTES
Advent Saints and Jesus
Martin Luther once said:
You know the Gospel is nothing else but the proclamation of the one single person who is called Christ. Although at various times many other books have been written and many sermons have been preached about people both heathen and Christians, and, indeed, even on the mother of God, St. Peter, the angels and many other saints, they are not Gospels. That only is the true Gospel which holds up Christ before us and teaches us what good we are to expect from Him.
With such a sentiment spoken by “the first Lutheran,” it might seem amazing that we observe any saint days, but we do. But Luther also gives us a key to remembering the saints in an appropriate and Christian fashion. He went on to write:
At times the Gospel makes mention of John the Baptist, Mary and the apostles. But this is not the Gospel in the strict sense. Mention is made of
these people to point out more fully whence Christ came and what His office is. What we read of John the Baptist and the Virgin Mary in Luke’s Gospel is not written for their sakes, but solely for the sake of the person of Christ. Everything that is found in the Gospel is related to this person
In St. Paul’s epistles nothing is written about the saints; everything concerns Christ alone. The evangelists describe the miracles and wondrous signs that Christ performed. They do not describe a single work of John the Baptist or Mary. They are interested only in what Christ Himself achieved, how He helped people in body and soul, and how people became attached to Him as a result,
So we remember the saints, not so much for their sake, but as they point us to Jesus. That would include the “Advent Saints.” I’m calling the saints whose days fall during the Advent Season “Advent Saints.” This year three of them happen to fall on the three Wednesdays in Advent when we have our mid-week Advent services. The goal of each message will be to understand how each of these saints points us to Jesus.
The dates of those services and titles of the messages are:
December 6 – Nicholas of Myra, Pastor
Sermon: Worship the Real Jesus
December 13 – Lucia, Martyr
Sermon: Jesus is the True Light
December 20 – Katharina von Bora Luther
Sermon: Day by Day with Jesus
Like we did last year, these services will be followed by a time of fellowship and refreshments. The fellowship begins at 7:45 pm and the service begins at 7:00.
As is my custom, I will tell a “story with a point” for the Christmas Eve message. To be honest, I originally got this idea from Jesus, who told so many great parables. Of course, his “stories with a point” are better than mine. The story for Christmas Eve is “A Great and Mighty Wonder”
On Christmas Day we will have a “Service of Carols and Communion.” Instead of a conventional sermon, there will be several short meditations inspired by the carols we sing. The service begins at 10:00 am.
Please plan on joining us as we begin another Church Year in the name of the Lord.
Don’t forget to check us out online. It is a great way to introduce our church to friends and neighbors.
Over the years the ladies of Our Redeemer have made many sleeping bags, which are then given to people who need them. As the weather warmed up earlier this year, the ladies took a break. They will be returning to the loving task beginning Saturday, December 2, at 10:00 am. They will continue for three hours. This is a special meeting time. Starting December 7, the sewers will move to their regular day and time, Thursdays at noon, but will also continue to meet the 1st Saturday of each month, also.
One does not have to be an expert sewer to participate. In fact, a beginner level sewer can help “build a bag.” You don’t have to know what you are doing before you arrive. The experienced build-a-bag sewers will be delighted to guide you on how to construct a sleeping bag. You don’t have to be a member of Our Redeemer. The people who need these bags don’t care who makes them, and neither do we. You don’t have to be a woman to join. Men, with beginning level sewing skills are welcome also. You don’t have to be an adult. Teenagers on Christmas breaks from school are welcome.
So, join the sewers and build-a-bag.
Greening the Church
One of the joys of Christmas is decorating. We decorate our homes. We decorate where we work. Some students even decorate “their” space at their schools.
We decorate our sanctuary also. This will be done Sunday, December 3 following our worship service(those who can help set up the Christmas tree will meet on Saturday, 12/2 so all will be ready for Sunday, 12/3). After we have finished “greening” our church lunch will be served.
The traditional time to take these decorations down is Epiphany (January 6). Epiphany falls on a Saturday this year. That means the decorations “should” be taken down before Sunday, January 7. We will take our decorations down following our worship service on December 31. This, unfortunately, will mean that the decorations will be absent for our New Year’s Eve service. This plan, then, might change and we might wait until after our worship service on January 7. Pastor will be on vacation that Sunday, but that is okay. The final decision will be made at the next Church Council meeting.
Singing Through the Hymnal
If you notice, beginning in Advent, an improvement in hymn selection, you can thank the people who are gathering to “sing through the hymnal.” We began with the first hymns in the hymnal and are simply working through all the hymns. The first hymns travel through the Church Year, beginning with the Advent season. Therefore, all the hymns we will be singing this Advent season have been identified as either “known” or “well-known” by our singers.
We still have a lot of hymns to sing, and when we next meet will begin with hymn 523, the first hymn in the section titled “Redeemer.” This has hymns like “Crown Him with Many Crowns” and “O Word of God Incarnate.” If you join this group, you can help us know which hymns are known and which unknown hymns might be worth learning.
The next gathering of the singers will be Sunday, January 14, following the worship service. There will be no gathering in December, as it is such a busy month already. You don’t have to be a great singer to help. But you will be asked to share whether or not you know the hymn. So, join the singers on Sunday, January 14, and be a blessing to Our Redeemer.
Newsletter Information Date
Please have all information for the newsletter in to the office no later than the 20th of each month to ensure its inclusion. Thanks!
Christmas Blessings from Pastor John & Kitty Rickert!
“And they went with haste and found Mary and Joseph, and the baby lying in a manger. And when they saw it, they made known the saying that had been told them concerning this child. And all who heard it wondered what the shepherds told them.” Luke 2:16-18